Category Archive Knowledge

How Much Water Does A Dog Need Per Day?

It’s hot out or when your dog has completed exercising that your dog has access to fresh, clean water. We never recommend limiting access to your dog’s water. Dogs could not sweat (except from their nose and paws), so when they’re hot from either the environment or exercise. They control their body temperature by panting. Excessive panting leads to water loss through physiologic evaporation, but the water loss can easily be replenished by drinking fresh water.


So, how much water does a dog need per day? Water is the most important substance for dogs in daily life. Water must be involved in the digestion, absorption and transport of various nutrient substances, the elimination of waste, the thermoregulation and the lactation of female dogs.

Water is a necessary nutrient substance for dogs. There are about 60 percent water in adult dogs’ bodies, and a higher percentage in young dogs’ bodies.

Water is also an essential substance for the metabolism of dogs. The participation of water can keep the body’s endocrine and cellular structure in a normal state. In addition, the evaporation of water forms a heat exchange with the outside world through the body surface and respiratory system, which can reduce the body temperature. If nutrients are not dissolved in water, they cannot be fully absorbed. Especially in sick dogs, they can’t be restored to health without water.

Dogs can not eat food for two days, but can not go without water in just one day. When water shortage up to 20%, it will become life-threatening severe. Under normal circumstances, an adult dog would need about 100 milliliters of water per kilogram of body weight per day, and a young dog would need 150 milliliters per kilogram of body weight per day.

In addition, dog owners should increase their drinking capacity during hot seasons, after exercise, or when they are fed with relatively dry feed to dogs. Water should be supplied throughout the day.

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What Should You Do If You Find A Stray Dog?

There are many people who find a stray dog but really do not know what to do. Sometimes they may think that since the dog has strayed from their home, the owner must have not take good care of it, but that is not always the truth. If you have found a stray dog, there are some things that you really should do.

The first thing you should do is to make sure that you and the dog are safe. Before deciding to catch the dog, you should note that is the dog shows any signs of aggressiveness, and then call animal control.

If dogs are in traffic, you should pay attention to the safety of you both. Don’t go out in the road until you make sure that there are no cars that might endanger you or the dog.

If you have caught the dog, take it to an animal shelter. If you can’t do this immediately, you can provide it with a safe, temporary home.

If the dog has a tag, you should contact its owner immediately. If there is no tags and you cannot bring it to a shelter, you can make up posters and online advertisements. In the meantime, you need to take care of the dog as best as you can.

Veterinary clinics will have the ability to see if the dog is chipped. Some owners have inserted microchips into their dogs’ necks, which can give the owner’s name and contact information.

If you still don’t know what to do, just thinking about what would you like others to do if they find your lost dog.

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Some Common Cat Skin Diseases

Cat skin diseases mainly include:

1) Bacterial skin disease: mainly caused by bacterial infection;

2) Fungal skin disease: it is caused by dermatophyte infection; dermatophytes can survive for more than one year in a dry environment, they have strong resistance. Some fungi also have affinity for the soil and can grow and reproduce in the soil and have a long-term survival.

3) Ectoparasitic dermatosis: caused by fleas, warts, demodex, ear mites, lice, tick, etc.;

4) Metabolic skin disease: such as hormonal skin disorders and allergic dermatitises;

5) Abnormal immune skin disease: such as nutrition-related skin diseases.

Among all these diseases, fungal skin diseases accounted for more than 80% of cases, and pathogenic cats’ fungal skin diseases were caused by canine microsporosis, which dogs, cats and humans can all be infected with. Dermatologists often misdiagnose that as allergic dermatitis caused by cat hair, which has led many owners to abandon their cats.

Fungal skin disease

The main transmission route of dermatophytes is contagious infection. It can be transmitted through the cat’s contaminants and contaminated combs, brushes, and bedding. The disease can occur throughout the year, with a high morbidity in hot and humid weather. Cats cured after fungal disease are resistant to re-infection of the same disease, but the resistance will disappear within a few months to a year. The fungus can infect humans and animals, and children and women are more susceptible to.


After the infection of the cat’s skin with fungus, it often occurs in the head, ears, limbs, claws and the trunk. The skin of the affected area was depilated, a ring-shaped scaly spot appeared, and the damaged hair roots remained. Sometimes the affected area was completely depilated. Severe cases will occur erythema or crusts.  

The affected area was itchy. Some cats will scratch it and cause secondary bacterial infections, which will lead to severe exudation and redness and even fester of the affected area. The development of skin fungus disease generally spreads from the middle to the periphery. If it is not treated promptly, it will become a chronic course of disease.

Take your cat to the veterinary for a check-up if the above symptoms occurred.

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Diseases Susceptible to Samoyed Dogs

Samoyed is a kind of canine with very low probability of getting hereditary diseases. They hardly ever get sick throughout their lives, but some acquired factors can cause some diseases.

The more common ones are:


Samoyed is a kind of canine of the cold zone. They are usually greedy for cold. For example, they like to lie on the cold ground, which will cause them to diarrhea. As an owner, we must pay attention to keeping warm for them, and do not let them lie on the cold and damp concrete floor, especially when they are young.

2.Volvulus of stomach

Many large dogs and deep-thorax dogs are susceptible to the disease. Once the disease occurred, it will cause a series of rapid physiological changes, such as: repeated retching, drooling and depression. Severe cases will occur hypotensive shock, and the mortality rate is quite high. So once this happens, it must be taken to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible. In order to prevent this kind of disease, owners should pay attention to avoid the dog to do strenuous exercise after meals.


Cataracts are a common disease in all dogs from the cold zone. Their eyes are more vulnerable to cataracts as they experience polar day and night conditions in the snow-covered cold zone which making their eyes more fragile. For prevention, we should avoid the strong light when walking dogs.

What are the common symptoms of Samoyed sickness?

In general, a healthy Samoyed’s nose is cool and moist, with a clear layer of liquid on the surface of the nose. When Samoyed’s nose becomes dry, red, with a crack, and the mucus occasionally mixed with blood, and the dog is also constantly sneezing, it means the Samoyed dog may has a cold, with nasal disease or infectious diseases.

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What is Kennel Cough in Dogs and How to Get Rid of It?

The kennel cough is a condition caused by viruses and bacteria and the dog will display symptoms that are cold like: dry coughing, retching, sneezing and snorting. Illness, eye discharge, runny nose, and discomfort in many other forms are also evident in dogs with kennel cough. 

Kennel cough is an infectious canine tracheobronchitis. It is brought about by the trachea and bronchi inflammation. This condition happens to dogs from all over the world. Studies also confirm that every dog will go through the phase of having to suffer from this condition once in its lifetime.

Several factors can cause kennel cough and among the most common are stress, cold temperature, dust, cigarette smoke exposure, and the absence of fresh air circulation in the dog’s shelter.

It is hard to prevent a dog from acquiring kennel cough. It can be transmitted to a healthy pet by simply breathing the same air that one with the disease breathes. There are a number of culprits that can actually make a dog infected which are totally beyond your control. There is actually a vaccine which is said to be effective in keeping the dog safe from getting kennel cough.

However, this has not been proven to ward off all the causes of the said disease. The least that pet owners can do is to keep their dogs away from other animals. Although this is quite difficult to achieve, this sacrifice can lessen the dog’s chances of being infected.

There is no specific treatment for kennel cough as the cough will typically subside in up to 3 weeks, but there are a few remedies that can eliminate the symptoms and facilitate the healing of the dog. It is dependent on the case of the infected pet. Some dogs are capable to going through it without having to undergo medication. If the origin of the disease is bacteria, the veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic. In most cases, cough suppressants are used to ward off the discomforts.

Before applying remedies, it is important to make sure that your dog has the kennel cough and rule out any other possible infections. If your dog has a different medical condition and you fail to get veterinary help, this may aggravate the problem. If you are sure that your dog has kennel cough, you can apply some home treatments, such as keeping the pet warm and administering steam baths. If your dog shows no sign of improvement after 1 week, you should look for veterinary help. 

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How to Correct Cat Bad Behavior

If your cats are doing some things that you’d really prefer they didn’t do, it will be a good chance that you can train that bad behavior away.

But first, try to understand why the cat is behaving in that way. There must be a reason, and from the cat’s perspective, that behavior is perfectly reasonable.

There could be several reasons why your cats are acting out — they might be stressed over a new change in your home, they might have a medical condition or they simply may not understand that their behavior is wrong. While you may think that your cats is misbehaving because they are upset or spiteful toward you, this is usually not the case.

Redirecting the behavior instead of punishing your cats for it is more likely to put they back on track. By punishing them, they may feel threatened by you, which can ultimately lead to even more stress and bad habits. If they are fearful of you, this will also damage your bond with one another.

However, they should be made aware of unwanted behaviors. One way of doing this is by connecting bad behaviors with something unpleasant. For instance, cats are averse to certain scents like perfume and citrus. You can use these scents in where you don’t want your cats to go to keep them away from those places.

If cats are clawing your furniture, for example, they are driven by instinct to do that. They need to claw something – it’s a survival instinct.

So there’s not much chance of getting your cats to stop clawing. But you can train cats to focus their clawing instinct on acceptable objects, like scratching posts.

If your cats sometimes play too rough, and begin biting or scratching, that’s also a behavior that can be trained away – at least to a degree. 

When you’re playing with your cats and they begin biting or scratching, startle them with a loud noise. You can clap your hands or make a hissing sound – just something to startle cats into stopping what they are doing. And then just simply walk away. Do that every time that your cats get rough, and they will learn that the consequence of biting and scratching is that playtime comes to an end.

Always remember to praise your cats for good behaviors as well. Give them a treat for a job well done, and they will learn to associate their actions with their rewards.

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6 Ways You May Hurt Dogs’ Feelings Without Knowing About Them

Every day, we are doing things that mess with our dogs’ emotions. Worse still, sometimes we do not even notice this! Please pay attention to the list below of 6 common puppy-parenting missteps and try avoiding them.

  • Leave your dog home alone!

Most canines spend their owners’ workdays at home alone. Owners could not know what dogs are doing during working time, and staying alone for a long time will also cause psychological harm to them. Often they will get bored, feel lonely and are likely to suffer separation anxiety. Try keeping your dog busy with some special toys to help it pass the time. The best way is to spend more time with them.

  • Always Refusing Your Dog’s Cuddling

Dogs are smart and thoughtful angels. When you are upset, they can sense it and will lick you or snuggle up to you. These are their special ways to dispel the owner’s bad moods. If you drive your dog away at this time, they will feel utterly sad.

  • Not Sharing Food with Your Dog

This is one of the most heartbreaking moments for canines that they watch you with watery eyes until you swallow the last mouthful of your dishes. Actually, some human food do not cause harm to dogs’ health. Share a bit with dogs, they must feel quite happy.

  • Locking Your Dog up When Friends Come Over

This behavior will make dogs more and more unfriendly to strangers. Try allowing your puppies to walk freely in the house and meet your friends.

  • Not Playing with Your Dog

Playing with your dogs is the most effective communication between humans and canines. It’s also the best way to increase your doggies’ sense of existence. If you spend too little time with your dogs, they will feel lonely and may become depressed.

  • Not Allowing Your Dog to Play with Other Dogs

You may worry it will have a bad impact on your puppies that they plays with other dogs. But it is wrong! Instead, this can improve your dogs’ social abilities. They need social circles just as us, they need to make friends, either. Doggies may become unsociable and easy to irritate if they are banned from contact with strange canines for a long time.

So, we should not stop dogs from making friends. When we are free, we can take them out and play with them, that will bring joy to dog’s mind and body, and conducive to the growth of dogs.

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Cat’s Diet Taboos

The health of cat is the top priority for every cat lover, owners need to keep an eye on their cats all the time. Here are some food that cat should never touch, do you know about them?

  1. Milk and other dairy products

Most cats suffer from lactose intolerance. Their digestive system cannot handle dairy products, so if feed cats with milk or other dairy products, they would not digest those food and get a diarrhea.

  1. Grape and raisin

Grape and raisin will cause cats’ kidneys to weaken. Even a small amounts can also make them sick, repeatedly vomit and hyperactive. Although cats do not seem to be sick, those food has actually affected their health. So it is better not to give them grapes and raisins.

  1. Coffee

Having a lot of coffee will kill your cat and there’s no cure! Symptoms of caffeine poisoning include restlessness, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, muscle tremors, and spasms. Caffeine is commonly found in tea and coffee, including coffee beans and ground coffee. Caffeine are be found in cocoa powder, chocolate, cola, some stimulating drinks, and even in some cold medicines and painkillers.

  1. Chocolate

The toxic agent for cat in chocolate is theobromine. This agent is included in all chocolates. The most dangerous one for cats is no-sugar, no-baked chocolates and dark chocolates. After eating them, cats will have abnormal heart rhythm, tremble and epilepsy, even death.

  1. Gum and candy

Both gums and candies have xylitol, which will cause an increase of insulin flow in cats’ body, and a drop of cats’ blood sugar. Xylitol can also cause liver damage. The main symptoms are vomiting, lethargy and incoordination. Some cats also have epilepsy after ingestion, and the symptom of liver damage will occur within a few days.

  1. Plants
  • Rohdea

After swallowing, cats may experience nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, severe cases will gradually become unconscious and die.

  • Dishlia 

The cat will be poisoned if they drink the leaf juice, and the water dripping from leaves also have toxicity, touching or drinking the water by mistake will cause discomfort and coma.

  • Lily

It is highly toxic to pets and can cause severe kidney damage.

  • Narcissus

Eating it by mistake will cause vomiting, diarrhea, fever, drowsiness and other symptoms. In severe cases, it can lead to paralysis, paralysis and even death.

  • Azalea

It will severely affects animal’s central nervous system, causing vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, fatigue, and depression. In serious cases, it will lead to cardiovascular collapse, coma, and death.

  • Cyclamen

The roots are the most toxic, eating them will stimulate the intestine, resulting in severe vomiting and even death.

  • Hippeastrum Vittatum

It will cause vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, excessive saliva secretion, loss of appetite and tremor.

  • Ivy

It will cause vomiting, abdominal pain, excessive saliva secretion and diarrhea.

  • Oleander

All parts of oleander are toxic, and eating them will cause gastrointestinal irritation, abnormal heart function, hypothermia and even death.

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What Kind of Diseases Should be Prevented When Dogs Get Old?

What will happen when a dog get old? Just as it is easy for a person to get sick after entering an old age, old dogs will become sick easily, either, so what kind of diseases should be prevented when dogs get old?

First of all, the elderly dogs are prone to loss of nutrients, and their ability to absorb nutrients is slowly declining.

Therefore, the elderly dogs may lack of nutrients, such as calcium nutrition, and those of them will suffer from diseases of bones, arthritis and other diseases, all of above diseases are needed to prevent when dogs get old.

When we feed old dogs, we need to prepare foods with rich and comprehensive nutritional values, especially to increase the supplement of calcium nutrition, to ensure that food will help old dogs maintain a good health.

Secondly, oral disease is one of the diseases that old dogs need to prevent, such as periodontitis, gingivitis and so on.

The elderly dogs may have severe tooth wear and yellowed, and they may hard to chew caused by tooth loss. Compared with young dogs, old dogs have a higher probability to get periodontitis and gingivitis.

So, in daily life,we must insist on brushing teeth for elderly dogs, and if it is available, dogs should be taken to the dentist regularly for oral health examination and professional oral care to ensure their oral health and prevent disease.

Furthermore, for elderly dogs, it is better to prevent colds, gastroenteritis, skin diseases and so on.

For old dogs, the decline of physical quality has also made them more susceptible to illness. At that time, dogs may suffer from any disease.

In order to prevent dogs from getting sick, it is very important to take preventive measures to keep them away from disease during daily feeding and management.

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A Brief Introduction to French Budlldog

The French Bulldog, also known as Frenchie, is a small breed of domestic dog. Frenchies were the result in the 1800s of a cross between bulldog ancestors imported from England and local ratters in Paris, France.

The French Bulldog should have the appearance of an active, muscular dog, of heavy bone, smooth coat, compactly built, and of medium or small structure.

Acceptable colors under the breed standard are the various shades of brindle, fawn, tan or white with brindle patches (known as “pied”). The most common colors are brindle, then fawn, with pieds being less common than the other colors. 

Their skin should be soft and loose, especially at the head and shoulders, forming wrinkles. Coat moderately fine, brilliant, short and smooth.

The French Bulldog, like many other companion dog breeds, requires close contact with humans. As a result, they should not be left alone for more than a few hours because these dogs experience separation anxiety if they are alone for too long.

They have fairly minimal exercise needs, but do require at least daily short walks. Their calm nature makes them an excellent choice for apartment dwellers, as does their sensible attitude towards barking.

Their bulk and their compromised breathing system makes it impossible for them to regulate their temperature efficiently. The French bulldog has only a single short coat. This means the dog may easily become cold. Also, they will very likely need to have some extra covering inside during the winter in particularly cold areas.

French Bulldogs make excellent companions. The French Bulldog rarely barks, and if he does it is to draw attention, to point out that he needs something (like attention).

This breed is patient and affectionate with its owners, especially with children, who are especially protected by the females. French Bulldogs can easily live with other breeds when the proper introductions are done.

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