• Petjarl2018@gmail.com

Category ArchiveHealth

Help Dogs Overcome the Fear of the Independence Day Fireworks 2018

The July, 4th is US Independence Day, which is one of America’s principal legal holiday. People always enjoy themselves that day, however, dogs are under the most stress on this day. Endless fireworks displays may drive them crazy, and even make them fled in disorder and are nowhere to be found. Whether the plan is to go out to view some fireworks or host your own Fourth of July party, it’s important to remember to keep your furry friends safe during the holiday. Here are some simple tips to share with dog lovers.

First, try to stay with the dogs, touch them, and make them calm down. If you have to go out, remember to put them in a safe room, close the doors and windows, and turn on the TV to buffer the sound of fireworks.

Playing music is also a practical way to make dogs calm down. It is most effective to start playing the music before the fireworks displays begin, because the dog can feel calm and relaxed when the music is playing. It is able to connect music with calm emotions. Therefore, the music should be played in a few hours before fireworks begin, and continued to play until fireworks finished. Music doesn’t need to be loud, and it has been proven to be effective in stabilizing the dog’s nervous system.

Give the dog a place to stay indoors. Dogs can’t talk to you how they are afraid of loud noises, and they usually choose a small space to settle down. The cage will be a good choice if your dog feels safe in it.

Close the window and draw the curtains if possible. Cover the cage and dim the light are both helpful to pacify dogs. Shifting visual stimuli is a good way to stabilize dogs.

Make sure your dog has a positioning chip or wears an identification tag, and make sure the contact information above is up to date.

In addition, it is best to train the dog to know the way home.

How Much Do You Know About Dog Blood Groups?

Blood types, or blood groups are determined by specific antigens found on the surface of erythrocytes. In humans, there is the ABO system of blood types, whereas dogs have a variety of different blood types. Knowledge of blood types in the different species is important as transfusion of incompatible blood can result in severe hemolytic transfusion reactions and even death, in some instances.

 (blue: blood donors red: blood recipients o: can transfuse x: can not transfuse)

Dog has 13 blood types which are designated by the acronym DEA (dog erythrocyte antigen) and a number (DEA1, DEA2, DEA3 to DEA12). Other than DEA blood types, Dal is another blood type commonly known in dogs.

DEA1 has two subtypes: DEA1.1 and DEA1.2. DEA 1.1 positive is the most common dog blood type, and dogs with this type are considered universal recipients, that is, they can receive blood of any type without expectation of a life-threatening hemolytic transfusion reaction. Dogs that are DEA1.1 negative are universal donors.

Blood from DEA1.1 positive dogs should never be transfused into DEA1.1 negative dogs. If it is the dog’s first transfusion the red cells transfused will have a shortened life due to the formation of alloantibodies to the cells themselves and the animal will forever be sensitized to DEA1.1 positive blood. If it is a second such transfusion, life-threatening conditions will follow within hours.

In other words, the immune system of DEA1.1 negative dogs recognizes DEA1.1 as a foreign substance and so attacks it. This can lead to severe transfusion reactions if a DEA1.1 negative dog is given blood from a DEA1.1 positive donor.

Just like in most illnesses, the immune system takes longer to react the first time it encounters something and so there is unlikely to be an immediate problem if a dog receives a mismatched blood transfusion the first time.

In addition, these alloantibodies will be present in a female dog’s colostrum and adversely affect the health of DEA1.1 negative puppies.

DEA4 and DEA6 appear on the red blood cells of about 98% of dogs. Dogs with only DEA4 or DEA6 can thus serve as blood donors for the majority of the canine population.

4 Kinds Vegetables are Poisonous to Dogs

Vegetables can provide a variety of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals that the body needs, so do dogs need to eat vegetables? In fact, dogs can also eat vegetables, but not all vegetables are suitable for dogs to eat. Here are 4 kinds of vegetables which are poisonous to dogs.

1.Onion

Onions are excitant foods which your dogs could not eat them, or they will stimulate the dog’s gastrointestinal tract, and in severe cases onions can even cause inflammation or infection in the sense of smell of the dog. Feeding dogs with a small amount of onion for a long-term will make them appear chronic poisoning. If you are still feeding dog with onions, we suggest you stop this behavior immediately. Don’t let your love become hurt.

2.Tomato

Tomatoes contain high levels of vitamin C, vitamin B1, malic acid, citric acid and other nutrients, which are all good for humans health. However, the dog can not eat a lot of tomatoes, you’d better not feed them to dogs. If dogs eat too much tomatoes, it can lead to dog diarrhea, drowsiness, drooling and other conditions. So it is best not to feed tomatoes to dogs.

3.Mushroom

Mushrooms sold on the market are harmless to dogs, but they are hard to be digested by dogs. However, to prevent dogs from developing the habit of eating mushrooms, it is best not to feed them to dogs, so as to avoid accidental food poisoning of dogs by eating poisonous mushroom outside.

4.Potato

Potatoes must not be eaten raw by dogs, because the solanine in raw potatoes is toxic to dogs. Eating too much raw potatoes will be toxic to dogs and even cause shock. While boiled potatoes can feed to the dog, because the cooked potatoes have already broken down the solanine. It is best not to feed potatoes to dogs every day but at intervals.

Notices of dogs diet:

In addition to paying attention to the fact that dogs cannot eat vegetables, we should also notice the staple food problems. Do not allow dogs to eat leftovers, or that will lead to dog hair loss and tear stains. Dog food is still the best choice which nutrition contained is relatively balanced.

How to Choose Chews for Dogs?

Giving your dog appropriate things to chew on is good for their teeth and gums, keeps them occupied, and decreases the tendency to chew on things they shouldn’t.

A chew toy is a toy designed to be chewed by animals for purposes of stimulation and relief from boredom. The act of gnawing on a chew toy is meant to be soothing and to assist small animals, like puppies, in event of easing the pain when breaking in their adult teeth as the chewing process releases feel-good chemicals from the brain.

Chew toys are a vital part of a happy, healthy animal’s life. In addition to providing hours of entertainment, they also allow the animal to work out anxiety and boredom by being occupied with chewing a toy. Chew toys also distract small animals from chewing on other “forbidden” items, and they assist in maintaining healthy teeth.

But did you know that some chews you can buy for your pet are actually harmful? Unlike-toys for children, there are no rules or regulations regarding toys or treats for pets. Just because you can buy an item in a store does not mean it’s good for your pet. So what should you watch for and what should you avoid?

Toys with small parts that your dog could swallow or choke on are common. Avoid any toy for dogs or cats that has strings, googly eyes, feathers, or any other part that could come off.

Avoid items that are too hard. Biting down just right on an object that is too hard causes a flake of the tooth to shear off. If the tooth breaks such that the tooth root is exposed, the tooth will be very painful and will subsequently become infected. Because this usually happens to the large back premolar that is difficult to see, your dog may be in pain for many months before you even know there is a problem.

You can give your dog bones to chew on but only if they are not poultry bones. Do not give your dog chicken bones since they are prone to splintering. Splintered bones are a danger since they can puncture our dog’s stomach or intestines and put his life at risk. The safest way is buy chew toys for your dogs.

Beef bones are only safe if they are boiled and softened. Raw meat or bones are not safe for dogs or people. Not only can uncooked bones break teeth but they can also give your dog Salmonella, Toxoplasmosis, E. coli or other food poisoning. Chicken, turkey or other small bones can splinter and cause punctures in the mouth, esophagus or intestines, so there also should never be fed to pets.

Pieces of rope with a knot at each end are popular now. These are a good choice as they are soft and gentle on teeth and gums. Throw them away when they start to unravel. Soft plush toys usually don’t last long, and if the stuffing is swallowed it can cause an intestinal blockage. Take these away as soon as they start to come apart, which in large dogs may be in a matter of minutes.

Whatever toys you choose, use common sense and look for tough, long-lasting and durable choices. If your dog likes what you’ve chosen, he’ll be sure to put it to the test.

Weight-management Programs for Dogs

Dogs are being fed fatter and fatter by owners now, which is not a good thing. Like humans, obesity is often accompanied by the potential for a variety of diseases, which is bad for dogs. To make a dog healthier, it is necessary to lose weight properly. And our masters has to be involved all the time. Only in the company of the owner, the dog will be more motivated to lose weight.

In addition to diet control, our owners also has to accompany the dog on all kinds of weight loss exercise. Working with your dog on a variety of physical activities will not only improve your relationship, but also help your dog burn calories. For example, we can do “triathlon” with dogs to help them lose weight.

Brisk walking

Dog walking is the easiest and most convenient way, but it is no longer possible to go back home after a stroll in the community like before, but it is necessary to ensure time, quality and speed. First of all, it takes at least 40 minutes to take a walk, and walk the dog at a brisk pace that is slightly faster than normal walking, similar to a race walk, and the dog has to trot instead of aimlessly strolling. When the owner feels slightly sweaty, he should continue to walk 20 minutes or so to consume calories.

Bicycle

Some medium-sized and large dogs need more exercise than walking, unless you walk them for more than two hours, so you can use a bicycle to help you. In fact, cycling is also a good exercise for people. Keeping the speed at around 20km/h and ride for 30 minutes to an hour a day, and dogs will also happy to follow the owner. But stop every 10 minutes to let the dog rest or the exercise will be too intense for dogs.

Swimming

There are some big kennel club have opened dog’s swimming pool with dedicated services for dogs. The owners and dogs swim for 1 hour in different shades of pool will consumes about twice as much calories as walking. If the weather is warm, owners can take dogs to the beach for swimming.

Before the various movements are carried out, owners must act according to the dog’s actual physical condition. Do not let the dog be harmed in the process of losing weight, so that gains cannot make up for losses.

Is It Correct to Feed Pet Raw Meat?

Just as many people are trying to eat less processed food to improve their health, some dog owners are turning away from conventional pet food. Instead they’re trying to get back to what they see as a more traditional “butcher’s dog” diet of raw meat.

A recent study has raised concerns about the health risks of these raw meat-based diet products as possible sources of some bacterial and parasitic diseases. But just how big a problem is this, and who is really at risk?

Domestic dogs aren’t like wild carnivores. They have been evolving alongside humans for approximately 30,000 years, and their diet has been shaped by our own food and environment. They can easily survive on a mixed diet, often on waste from human settlements, and have even evolved to digest starch.

Traditional dog diets would have included raw meat but also table scraps and other homemade foods. And unlike most human processed foods, manufactured pet food is often tailored to provide a key range of nutrients.

A recent study analyzed 35 commercial frozen raw meat products from eight different brands. It found E coli in 28 products, Listeria monocytogenes in 19 of them and Salmonella species in seven. Several products also contained parasites. Other studies have previously highlighted similar contamination of raw pet food in Canada, North America and New Zealand.

For dogs, the bacteria and parasites found in food aren’t actually that much of a problem. Dogs are pretty resistant to many of the possible bugs that can be isolated from raw meat and they rarely become ill, though they can suffer gastric illness as a result of Salmonella.

But dogs can become carriers of these bacteria and spread them through their faeces, which can lead to serious illness in humans.

 

Here are some tips to minimize the risks:

The same guidance for storing and preparing food for human consumption applies to raw meat pet food. Wash hands and surfaces thoroughly and often. Separate different foods to prevent cross-contamination. Defrost frozen items in the fridge, ideally in sealed containers and on the lowest shelves. Handle pet food bowls with care to prevent bacteria spreading to other surfaces and utensils.

Where the dangers from pet food differ is in the fact that pets can pass on bugs after they’ve eaten. Owners can become exposed in a range of ways, such as direct contact via touching, petting, exposure to saliva and faeces and even sharing sleeping spaces. Bugs can also be passed on indirectly through contact with contaminated surfaces such as floors and toys.

But sensibly handling, cleaning and caring for your dog should minimize the risks. Wash your hands with soap and hot water after handling your dogs’ food and after poo picking. Store human and pet bowls and utensils separately and, if possible, keep your dog out of human food preparation areas. With a little education and awareness, it is possible to go for raw food and minimize the potential risks.

Are Fruits Friendly to Teddy?

In daily life, owners always spoil Teddy and want to share everything delicious with Teddy. However, Teddy is greedy in its mouth, and it will eat whatever you give it. When owners eat fruits, they will also feed fruits to Teddy. Here comes the question, are fruits friendly to Teddy?

1. Dogs do not need to eat fruit to supplement Vitamin C.

One big difference between dogs and humans is that dogs can synthesize vitamin C in their body by the meat they eat. So it is not essential to feed fruit to dogs if you just want to supplementing VC for them.

2. The pros and cons of dogs eating fruit.

When dogs are constipated or when their appetite is not good, you can feed them with fruits. Because the cellulose and water in the fruit can enhance the gastrointestinal function, and the cool and sweet taste of the fruit can get up dogs’ appetite. It should be noted that fruits should offer with appropriate but not too much. Offering troppo fruits with high sugar to dog is bad for their health. Too much sugar will also cause diabetes for dogs.

3. What kind of fruit is good for dogs?

Apples, pears, cherries, watermelons, bananas and peaches are all dog-friendly, you can feed a small amount of those fruits to dogs. The digestion of dog’s stomach varies from dog to dog, and if dogs get a diarrhea after eating some specific fruits, well, don’t give it any more.

4. Matters need attention of feeding dogs fruits:

Do not give the dog fruit seeds or kernels: like pomegranates, litchi, apricots, plums, etc., because it is impossible for a dog to chew the seeds or the kernels. However, there are no differences between a litchi seed and a pebble in the dog’s stomach. So fruit seeds or kernels are definitely not feed to dogs.

 

Can Dogs Eat Traditional Chinese Rice-pudding?

Today is Chinese Dragon Boat Festival, and many Chinese will eat traditional Chinese rice-pudding, which is called Zongzi.

Many owners would like to share Zongzi with their dogs and believe that it is not bad for their furry friend, however, the cases of dogs diarrhea due to eating Zongzi often occur during the festival.

The main ingredient of Zongzi is glutinous rice, which has large oiliness and stickiness. Excessive eating Zongzi for dogs can easily lead to indigestion, and there will be increased gastric acid secretion, loss of appetite, abdominal distention, diarrhea and other symptoms. How on earth can a dog taste the delicious rice dumplings without indigestion?

The spices (white spirits, soy sauce and other spices) that commercial Zongzi usually added or excessive intake of sodium salt can lead to diarrhea, vomiting, and anemia or other symptoms in dogs. If you want to share rice dumplings with your dog, you’d better mix glutinous rice with lean beef, chicken, mutton to make rice dumplings by yourself.

Before feeding, you can divide rice dumpling into small portions to help dogs digest.

For dogs who always wolf down their food, it is better not to feed them Zongzi. The burden on the stomach will be increased because the food are chewed less frequently in the mouth, and that will also increase the incidence of dyspepsia greatly.

Actually scientific breeding has advocated that don’t feed human food to dogs. Owners who want to make meals for his dog can customize the dog’s nutritious meal according to the nutritional needs of his dog, but blindly feed the dog with human food will cause a physical burden on the dog which will lead to discomfort to the dog.

So in summary, for the safety of dogs, it is best not to feed dogs with rice dumplings.

What is Poisonous to Cats?

It sounds insane that cats can’t taste sweet things, but it’s real. Cats have long been considered to be extremely finicky eaters, especially compared to their canine counterparts, but in 2005, scientists figured out why: feline taste buds do not have the sugar detection equipment needed to experience sweetness. This is why many cats do not even like candy. Add in the fact that almost all candy is loaded with processed sugar which is bad for cat’s overall health, so there is really no good reason to feed your cat candy.

There certainly are no health benefits in candy, which is usually made almost entirely of sugar, corn syrup, and artificial flavors. At best, candy is empty calories and unnecessary sugar, which can wreak havoc on your cat’s health in the long term. If you feed candy to your cat regularly, the extra calories will probably cause gain weight for them. If this carries on long enough, your cat probably will be overweight or even obese.

Cats who are extra weight often experienced a diminished quality of life as a result of decreased mobility, low energy levels, shortness of breath, joint pain, and a general inability to enjoy exercise. Obesity can have more severe health effects, too, such as an increased risk of diabetes, arthritis, and cancer.

All that extra sugar is a nightmare for your cat’s dental health, too. Sugar increases your cat’s odds of developing cavities, gingivitis, and other oral health problems. This doesn’t just mean your cat will have to have some teeth removed. The bacteria associated with poor oral health often ‘leak’ toxins into the bloodstream, which can slowly poison other organ systems. Extreme cases of dental health problems can even result in organ failure.

There are some kinds of candy that are more dangerous than others. The first one is chocolate. Chocolate is poisonous to cats, and chocolate poisoning can be life threatening. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, labored breathing, extreme thirst, excessive urination, arrhythmias, seizures, and tremors.

Second on the list of forbidden candies is anything sugar-free, which often contains the toxic sweetener xylitol. While xylitol will not likely do harm to you, it may cause liver failure in cats and dogs. To be on the safe side, avoid giving your cat anything that contains zero-calorie sweeteners. Other dangerous candies include those wrapped in foil and tiny, hard candies, which may pose a choking hazard.

Though we love candy, we should probably resist the urge to share our brightly-colored goodies with our cats. They do not need the extra calories and the extra sugar. Many types of candy even pose choking hazards or contain ingredients that are downright poisonous to cats. Since your furry friend can’t even taste the sweetness of sugar, there’s no real reason to use candy as a treat. Give them cat treats instead!

Tips to Share with Dog Parents

Giving a healthier ingredients can make a real difference in dogs. Here I want to share some tips with fellow dog parents who really want the best for their puppies.

1.Wash your dog’s food bowl and water bowl regularly.

Owners easily forget about the cleanliness of their dogs’ bowl and even don’t knDog how it can affect their pets’ health. Most of us would never think about using the same bowl for a week straight without washing it but many let their dog’s bowl sit on the floor without thinking twice. This allows bacteria to grow and can cause illness from contaminated dishes from a mild upset stomach to vomiting and diarrhea. Make sure to wash your dog’s bowl daily with dish soap and rinse thoroughly!

2.Beware of meat with accompanying word “meal”.

Meat meal, labeled on dog food ingredient lists such as “chicken meal” and “beef meal,” is a nicer way of saying it is “rendered” meat. This type of labeling is legal, but clearly misleading. Animal by-product include materials such as grease, blood, feathers, and entire carcasses.

3.Steer clear of preservatives.

To extend the shelf life of food allowing it to sit on a store shelf for months, most commercial pet food brands are forced to put a bunch of preservatives in their food. While natural preservatives exist, such as rosemary extract, many artificial preservatives can be toxic to dogs if used over a long period of time.

4.Foods to never feed your dog.

Most people are aware that chocolate is bad for dogs. However, you should also stay clear of onions, grapes and raisins, macadamia nuts, and bones! Bones can break and sliver and can puncture your dog’s intestinal tract or cause them to choke.

5.Home cooking is harder than you think.

Ensuring your dog is well nourished with human-grade does not just mean feed your dog food that you would eat or leftovers from dinner. Because dogs eat the same thing every meal it is extra important that their food is nutritionally balanced. A balanced diet must meet all of dogs essential vitamin, mineral, and amino acid requirements. It is best to either consult a vet and get a specific recipe to follow or choose a food that meets AAFCO requirements.

6.Keep your dog hydrated.

Generally speaking, dogs need between a half and a full ounce of water per pound of body weight each day. if your dog is active or lives in hot climate, maybe more. Fresh, natural food also keeps dogs more hydrated.

Do you know above tips? Are they useful to you? It’s wonderful that if you can share your tips with us.

%d bloggers like this: